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GDPR fines: searching in employees’ e-mail box

GDPR fines: searching in employees’ e-mail box

Attention employers! Do you lack a company e-mail and archiving policy? Do you allow or tolerate the private use of company e-mail? Have you ever accessed and/or restored an (ex-)employee’s e-mail box to search for a document or a past correspondence with the client? If yes, you have a high risk exposure to GDPR fine.

Trade Union Misconducts: Defamation

Trade Union Misconducts: Defamation

If they cross the line, trade union(s) and/or their representative(s) can be sued by the affected person for a compensation on the basis of civil defamation, i.e. a civil wrong. The violation of someone’s integrity (in Hungarian: becsületsértés) is included in section 2:45 (1) of the Act V of 2013 on the Civil Code. Furthermore, section 2:45 (2) of the Civil Code includes a similar civil wrong, the so called infringement of reputation (in Hungarian: jóhírnév megsértése).

Trade Union Misconducts: Breach of Confidentiality

Trade Union Misconducts: Breach of Confidentiality

Trade unions represent their members and negotiate with employers in order to improve employee benefits and working conditions or to solve employment issues. This, undoubtedly, implies confrontation with the employer. But how far trade unions – including their representatives – can go in order to protect the interests of employees? More precisely, are there any limits or boundaries with regard to their actions?

Trade Union Misconducts: Illegal (Unprotected) Strike – Batch 1

Trade Union Misconducts: Illegal (Unprotected) Strike – Batch 1

Pursuant to the Act VII of 1989 on Strike (hereinafter: Strike Act), employees are entitled to strike for ensuring their economic and social interests. The Strike Act includes a quite long list on the mandatory requirements of a legal and protected strike. At first glance, such mandatory requirements seem to be straightforward; nevertheless, there have been various interpretation issues in the recent years. Why is this important?

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